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The Ludwig von Mises Institute

Advancing Austrian Economics, Liberty, and Peace

Advancing the scholarship of liberty in the tradition of the Austrian School

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THEORY AND HISTORY

Index


Adjustment, 245
"Agrarian Reformers" in China, 359 f.
Anchorites, 85, 37, 52
Anti-Christianism, 149 f.
A priori, 8 f.
Arabian learning, 375
Ascetics, 52
Atheism, 50 f.
Autarky, 234

Babeuf, F. N., 329, 378
Bagehot, Walter, 221
Bastiat, Frederic, 168 f.
Beethoven, 352
Behaviorism, 245, 327
Bentham, Jeremy, 67 f., 131 n., 373
Bias, 26 ff., 33 f., 125 ff.
Big business, 119, 147, 237 f.
Bismarck, 144, 149
Bohm-Bawerk, Eugen von, 207
Bourgeoisie, 115, 129, 142 ff., 349
Brentano, Franz, 36 n., 83 n.
Breuer, Joseph, 152
Buckle, Thomas Henry, 84 ff., 262
Bukharin, N., 349
Burckhardt, Jacob, 295

Carnot's second law of thermodynamics, 211 ff.
Castes, 113 ff., 352
Causality, 74, 240
Chambord, Henri, count of, 348
Charcot, Jean Martin, 152
Choosing, 12 ff., 25
Christianity, 48 f., 171, 339
Civilization, spiritual and material aspects of, 337
Civilizations, classification of, 220 ff.
Classes, conflict of, 112 ff.
Collectivism, 58 ff., 250 ff.
Collingwood, R. G., 308
Comparative cost, theory of, 29
Competition, biological, 38, 40
Comte, Auguste, 68, 170, 175 f., 241, 262, 348, 379
Concentration of wealth, 118 f.
Condorcet, M. J. A., 376
Conflicts, 41 f., 297; of collectives, 254 ff.
Constants, 10 f.
Continuity of economic evolution, 357
Costs, 209 f.
Croce, Benedetto, 308

Daniel, Book of, 170
Dante, 180, 294
Darwin, Charles, 171, 213
Darwinism, social, 39
Democracy, "people's," 350; and revolution, 373
Despotism, 66, 372
Determinism, 2, 73 ff., 77, 177 ff.
Dialectics, 102 ff.
Dialects, 233 f.
Dilthey, Wilhehn, 200, 265, 308, 312
Division of labor, 235
Dualism, methodological, 1
Durkheim, Emile, 190, 242

Econometrics, 10 f.
Economists and judgments of value, 29 f., 33 f.
Egalitarianism, 328
Engels, Friedrich, 104 ff., 121, 148 f., 157, 185, 193 f., 218
Enlightenment, 171 ff.
Entraigo, Petro L., 154 n.
Environment, 159 f., 324
Environmentalism, 109 n., 324 ff.
Ethics, intuitive, 52 f., and capitalism, 341 ff.
Equality, 263; principle of, 351 ff.
Equilibrium, 365 ff.
Events, historical, 10 f.

Fabians, 144
Farms, size of the, 355 ff.
Fatalism, 78 ff.
Felibrige, 233 f.
Feudalism, 115 f., 351
Feuerbach, Ludwig, 13 n., 377
Fiction, 274 ff.
Final causes, 161, 240, 247, 284
Forces, material productive, 106 ff.
Franklin, Benjamin, 83
Freedom, 347 ff.; alleged negativism of the concept of, 24
Free will, 76 ff., 82, 179 ff.
Freud, Sigmund, 27, 152 f., 268, 281
Friedmann, Hermann, 266 n.

Geist, 103
Gestalt, 223
Gestalt psychology, 253
Goebbels, Joseph, 249 n.
Gregoire, Henri, 291 n.

Happiness, 12 ff., 62, 215
Harmonists and antiharmonists, 40 ff.
Harmony of interests, 54 f.
Hauptmann, Gerhard, 361
Hayek, F. A., 377 n.
Hegel, 102 ff., 156, 165, 170, 175, 255, 348, 373, 377
Hegelianism, 255
Historians and judgments of value, 21, 298 ff.
Historicism, 198 ff., 211, 285; critique of capitalism, 217 ff.
History, 159 fF., 211, 274 ff.
Human Action, 8 ff., 20; sciences of, 92 ff.
Humanism, 293 ff.
Hume, David, 9, 66, 312, 373

Ideas, the role of, 187 f., 224 ff.
Ideology, Marxian sense of the term, 122 ff.
Impoverishment, progressive, 116 f.
Indifference, 24
Individualism, 58, 340, 371
Individuality, 183, 188
Individuals, 185, 191
Induction, 9, 303
Instincts, 194 f.
Interests, 28, 30 ff., 133 ff., 236 ff.
Intolerance, 34
Introspection, 283, 312
Ireland, linguistic problems of, 230 ff.
Irrationality, 184, 267
Italy, 149

Jevons, William Stanley, 124
Justice, 51 ff., 345 f.

Kallen, Horace M., 47, 249
Kant, Immanuel, 62, 165, 352

Land ownership, 353 ff.
Laplace, Pierre Simon, 79
Lassalle, Ferdinand, 116ff.., 149, 255
Law, natural, 44 ff.
Lenin, Nikolay, 133, 328, 331
Likelihood, 314
Linguistic changes, 227 ff.

Majorities, 65 ff., 132
Mandeville, Bernard de, 144, 166 ff.
Mannheim, Karl, 249 n.
Marx, Karl, 64, 121, 157 ff., 170, 175 ff., 377, 379; on the policy of the labor unions, 137
Marxism, 26, 51, 102 ff., 329 f.; and equal distribution of land ownership, 359; and foreordination, 80
Mass phenomena, 259 ff.
Materialism, 2, 75 f., 94 ff.; ethical, 57 f., 94, 150, 368; metaphors of, 94 ff.
Materialist interpretation of history, 150 ff.
May, Geoffrey, 299
Means and ends, 12 f., 280
Meliorism, 172, 221
Menger, Carl, 124, 377
Mercantilism, 30, 297
Metaphysics, 4
Middle Ages, alleged ethical conformity of the, 42 ff.
Militarism, 351
Mill, John Stuart, 67, 206 f., 348, 373
Miller, Alexander, 154 f.
Minorities, 67 f.
Miracles, 7
Mohammed, 79, 379
Montaigne, Michel de, 30
Myrdal, Gunnar, 205 ff.

Nationalism, aggressive, 296 ff.
Nationality, principle of, 231
Natural sciences, 90 f.
Neo-indeterminism, 88 f.
Neumann, John von, 86
Neurath, Otto, 243
New Deal, 144, 146
Nietzsche, Friedrich, 215, 222

Panphysicalism, 93, 243 ff.
Perfection, state of, 362 ff.
Periodalism, 201 f.
Philosophy of history, 162 ff., 323
Pius IX, Pope, 68
Poincare, Henri, 74 n.
Polylogism, 31 f., 123
"Popular Front," 350
Population, optimum size of, 41, 56
Positivism, 93, 241, 285; legal, 47 f.
Praxeology, 271
Prediction, 4 f., 274, 303 ff.
"Present" economic conditions, 202
Privileges, 32f., 237
Probability, 91, 314
Profits, 209 f., 366
Progress, 162, 167, 172, 174, 214 f., 295 f., 367 ff.; economic, 370; technological, 358 f.
Proletariat, 115
Property, private, 329
Proudhon, Pierre Joseph, 111
Prussia, 149
Psychoanalysis, 152 ff., 266 ff.
Psychology, 264 ff.
Punishment, justification of, 83 f.

Quantum mechanics, 87
Quetelet, Adolphe, 84

Race, 160 f.
Racism, 41, 332 ff.
Rationalism, 269
Rationality, 183 f., 267
Rationalization, 280 ff.
Rau, Karl Heinrich, 377
Regularity, 5 ff.
Relativism, 215
Renaissance, 295
Revelation, 49 f.
Revolution, 115
Ricardo, David, 29, 125, 235
Rickert, Heinrich, 308
Robertson, John Mackinnon, 86
Rougier, louis, 46 n.
Rousseau, Jean Jacques, 173, 329
Russell, Bertrand, 91 f.
Russia, 149

Santayana, George, 275 n.
Schopenhauer, Arthur, 377
Science, "Unified," 3, 243
Sciences, social, 256 ff.
Secularism, 337 ff.
Selection, natural, 213
Smith, Adam, 125, 144, 167 ff., 235
Socialist ideas, "bourgeois" origin of, 121 f.
Society, 251 f.
Sociology, 241 f., 285
Sombart, Werner, 238 f.
Sozialpolitik, German, 144
Spengler, Oswald, 222 ff.
Spiethoff, Arthur, 200 n.
Stage doctrines, 169 f.
Stalin, Joseph, 331
Statistics, 84 ff., 89, 260
Status society, 113 ff., 328, 352
Stein, Lorenz von, 143
Stephen, Leslie, 209
Strauss, Leo, 299 f.
Styles of economic activity, 204

Tarde, Gabriel, 261
Tawney, R. H., 238
Thermodynamics, 211 ff.
Thymology, 264 ff., 312 ff.
Tocqueville, Alexis de, 67
Toynbee, Arnold J., 222 ff.
Trends, 204, 330, 350, 367 ff.
Types, ideal, 191, 315; real, 316; "ought," 317

Understanding, specific, of the historical sciences, 191, 264f., 310 ff.
Utilitarianism, 12 n., 49 ff., 55 ff., 340
Utopian writings, 196 f.

Valuational neutrality (Wertfreiheit), 26, 271, 298 ff.
Value, judgments of, 19 ff.
Values, absolute, 35 ff.; aesthetic, 61 f.
Variables, 10 ff.
Vico, Giovanni Battista, 222
Volksgeist, 190, 242

Wages, Iron Law of, 116 f.
Wagner, Richard, 57
Watson, John B., 246 f.
Weber, Max, 308
Wilson, President Woodrow, 378 f.
Windelband, Wilhelm, 308

Zola, Emile, 278 f.