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The Ludwig von Mises Institute

Advancing Austrian Economics, Liberty, and Peace

Advancing the scholarship of liberty in the tradition of the Austrian School

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The Ethics of Liberty

With a New Introduction by Hans-Hermann Hoppe

 

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COPYRIGHT
New York University Press, 1998. Originally published: Atlantic Highlands , N.J. : Humanities Press, 1982. ISBN 0-8147-7506-3. The Center for Libertarian Studies and the Ludwig von Mises Institute thank all of their donors for making possible the republication of this classic of liberty, and in particular the following Patrons: Athena Tech, John Bolstad, T. Brown, Willard Fischer, Douglas E. French, Frank Franklin Lee Johnson, Richard J. M.D., William W. Massey, Jr., Sam Medrano, Joseph Edward Paul Melville, Mason P. Pearsall, Conrad Schneiker, Eward Schoppe, Jr., Mr. and Mrs. Thomas W. Singleton, Mary Lou Stiebling, Loronzo H. Thomson, the L.H. Thomson Co., and Mr. and Mrs. Donald F. Warmbier. For editorial assistance, thanks to Mark Brandly, Williamson Evers, Tony Flood, Scott Kjar, Judy Thommesen, and Jeffrey Tucker.

DEDICATION
"To the memory of Frank Chodorov,
F.A. "Baldy" Harper, and my father David Rothbard"

CONTENTS

Rev. Elisha Williams quote (p. ix) 
Introduction by Hans-Hermann Hoppe (p. xi) [in PDF]
Preface (p. xlvii)

PART I: INTRODUCTION: NATURAL LAW
1. Natural Law and Reason  (p. 3)
2. Natural Law as "Science"  (p. 9)
3. Natural Law versus Positive Law  (p. 17)
4. Natural Law and Natural Rights  (p. 21)
5. The Task of Political Philosophy  (p. 25)

PART II: A THEORY OF  LIBERTY  
6. A Crusoe Social Philosophy (p. 29)
7. Interpersonal Relations: Voluntary Exchange (p. 35)
8. Interpersonal Relations: Ownership and Aggression (p. 45)
9. Property and Criminality (p. 51)
10. The Problem of Land Theft (p. 63)
11. Land Monopoly, Past and Present (p. 69)
12. Self-Defense (p. 77)
13. Punishment and Proportionality (p. 85)
14. Children and Rights (p. 97)
15. "Human Rights" As Property Rights (p. 113)
16. Knowledge, True and False (p. 121)
17. Bribery (p. 129)
18. The Boycott (p. 131)
19. Property Rights and the Theory of Contracts (p. 133)
20. Lifeboat Situations (p. 149)
21. The "Rights" of Animals (p. 155)

PART III: THE STATE VERSUS  LIBERTY  
22. The Nature of the State (p. 161)
23. The Inner Contradictions of the State (p. 175)
24. The Moral Status of Relations to the State (p. 183)
25. On Relations Between States (p. 189)

PART IV: MODERN ALTERNATIVE THEORIES OF  LIBERTY
26. Utilitarian Free-Market Economics (p. 201)
     A. Introduction: Utilitarian Social Philosophy (p. 201)
     B. The Unanimity and Compensation Principles (p. 203)
     C. Ludwig von and "Value-Free" Laissez (p. 206)
27. Isaiah Berlin on Negative Freedom (p. 215)
28. F.A. Hayek and The Concept of Coercion (p. 219)
29. Robert Nozick and the Immaculate Conception of the State (p. 231)

PART V: TOWARD A THEORY OF STRATEGY FOR  LIBERTY
30. Toward a Theory of Strategy for Liberty (p. 257)

Bibliography (p. 275)
Index (p. 295)